IELTS Fundamentals – Introduction to IELTS Exam

IELTS Fundamentals

IELTS Overview

IELTS (International English Language Testing System) is a globally recognized English language test to assess the student’s proficiency in English.

It is the first step to study abroad and qualifying with the best score is a good sign that you are qualified to study/work abroad. The test is held several times a year around 1200 centres across 140 countries worldwide.

The IELTS jointly owned by

  • The British Council
  • Cambridge ESOL
  • IDP IELTS Australia

The IELTS test is available both in online/offline modes according to the convenience of the test-taker and is of two versions:

  • IELTS Academic 
  • IELTS General

Both of these versions are identical in speaking and listening sections. Additionally, a third version called IELTS life skills also exists.

IELTS test works best in three major areas:

  • Study abroad
  • To work abroad
  • To migrate in an English Speaking country

Getting qualified in IELTS helps you get a chance to study or work in the world’s leading universities. Being the most popular English proficiency test, most universities prefer students who have an IELTS score band.

Now, let’s have a look at the Fundamental concepts of IELTS.

Who should take IELTS?

IELTS is mandatory for those who want to study or work abroad in a native English speaking country. And it is essential to get a Permanent Residence (PR) in any English Speaking country.

The general IELTS is for the candidates to assess their workplace skills whereas IELTS academics are for the study purposes.

IELTS is required for the candidates who are:

  • Planning to study in an abroad university
  • Applying for English language learning program admissions and exit
  • Applying for certification and scholarship
  • A student and/or worker applying for an immigration visa

IELTS Eligibility

There is no specific eligibility for IELTS. Anyone wishing to study abroad can take the test. But it is essential to check the eligibility requirements of the university/college to which you are applying.

People of all ages, nationalities, genders, race, and religion can take the test. The only restriction is that the student should be above 16 years of age.

IELTS Test Format

This is one of the fundamental requirements to consider while planning study/work abroad. 

Both the IELTS Academic and IELTS general versions evaluate four sections, reading section, writing section, listening section and speaking section to assess the students’ skills to study/work/migrate in a native English speaking country. 

The speaking and listening section is identical in both versions

IELTS Test SectionFormat
Speaking(11-14 minutes)Assess your Spoken English Skills. The test is recorded and examined in three parts.
Listening (30 minutes)You have to listen to the recordings of native English speakers and then answer them effectively.
(60 minutes)
You have to read and answer 40 questions in 60 minutes. It includes reading main ideas, gist, and logical arguments to identify the writer’s opinions, intentions and attitudes.
Writing (60 minutes)You were asked to write two essays (task 1 and task 2) based on the topics of general interests based on the modules you choose.

IELTS Availability

The offline IELTS tests are held 48 times a year i.e., four times a month in India.

With the online IELTS, the applicants can choose multiple time slots and dates in a day.

However, the IELTS test dates may differ based on the test module you have opted for General or Academic training. The results can be expected in 5-7 days. 


The IELTS scores are calculated in the score band from 1 to 9. The final IELTS score is the average achieved by considering all the four section scores.

IELTS Score Scale

Band ScoreSkill Level
9Expert The candidate has full command on the English Language
8Very GoodFull command with some inaccuracies
7GoodOperational command on English with some inaccuracies
6Competent Good command on English with some inaccuracies and misunderstandings
5ModestGood command on English but makes several mistakes
4LimitedGood understanding of English but not effective in communication
3Extremely LimitedGood understanding of English in familiar situations but not effective in communication
2IntermittentDifficult to speak, read and write in English
1Not InterestedNot capable to use the English language expect few words
0Did not attemptYou did not answer the test questions

Acquiring a good IELTS score will help you get a chance to study in your dream university or college. Instead of joining in the universities/colleges which offered you a placement, a good IELTS score will help you decide your dream university to study.

Additionally, it also helps you acquire a scholarship that helps you survive better in other countries. 

Universities Acceptance

Most world-leading universities/colleges are accepting IELTS. The minimum band requirement ranges between 6.5 and 7.5 but it may vary based on the department.

[ Also Read: How to prepare for IELTS in 2 weeks ]

IELTS Validity

The IELTS scores are valid for two years. However, the acceptance of this score depends on IELTS selection procedure of the university/institute to which you are applying to.

Understand the fundamentals of IELTS and its exam format so that you can practice accordingly. It will help you to save time in the test.

A good IELTS band is the only requirement that most universities or colleges abroad is seeking for. With little effort and proper IELTS training, you can achieve the best IELTS band to study/work or even to earn a PR abroad.

There are several destinations providing effective and exceptional IELTS coaching like thescorebooster helps you acquire a good IELTS band.

While choosing the institute to take IELTS coaching to consider things like timings, your weaker sections, and your exam date. So, you can avoid last-minute surprises and acquire a better IELTS band in all bands.

Click to Boost your IELTS Score

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